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How is Tishah b'Av observed differently when it falls out on Sunday?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg

  

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 When Tishah b’Av is directly preceded by Shabbat, a day when all public displays of mourning is prohibited -- either because the 9th of Av actually fell out on Sunday, or because the 9th of Av was on Shabbat and was pushed off until Sunday1-- we do not have the customary mournful “separation meal” before the fast. Instead, shortly before sunset on Saturday we partake of a sumptuous pre-fast meal. Care must be taken that this meal ends before sunset.


We sit on regular chairs and wear normal footwear until nightfall. However, it is forbidden to wash oneself, eat or drink after sunset.


Havdalah is not recited until Sunday night. After Shabbat, before doing any activity which is forbidden on Shabbat, one should say, “Boruch hamavdil bein kodesh l’chol” (Blessed is He who separates between the holy [day of Shabbat] and the mundane [weekdays]). Sometime on Saturday night, one should kindle the Havdalah candle and recite the appropriate blessing.


Immediately after the Borchu is recited in the Saturday night prayer service, all remove their leather shoes and don non-leather footwear.2

Footnotes

  • 1. Mourning practices are forbidden on Shabbat that is also Tishah B'Av, nevertheless, marital relations on such a Friday night are prohibited unless it is a woman's mikvah night.
  • 2. The Chazan changes into non-leather footware before the evening services.

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RELATED CATEGORIES

Holidays » 3 Weeks

Shabbat
(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
Av
The fifth month of the Jewish calendar, normally corresponding to July-August. The saddest month of the year due to the destruction of the Temples, and the many other tragedies which befell the Jews in this month.
Havdalah
Prayer signifying the end of the Sabbath or Jewish holiday. This "separation" prayer is recited after nightfall over a cup of wine.