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What happened on Asarah b'Tevet?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg

  

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On Assarah b’Tevet (“The Tenth of Tevet”) of the year 3336 (425 BCE), the armies of the Babylonian emperor Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem. Thirty months later the city walls were breached, and on the 9th of Av of that year, the Holy Temple was destroyed. The Jewish people were exiled to Babylonia for 70 years. In short, this day marks the beginning of the end of the First Jewish Commonwealth.

Asarah B'Tevet is the beginning of the end

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Tevet
The tenth month on the Jewish calendar. Falls out in mid-winter.
Av
The fifth month of the Jewish calendar, normally corresponding to July-August. The saddest month of the year due to the destruction of the Temples, and the many other tragedies which befell the Jews in this month.
Jerusalem
Established by King David to be the eternal capital of Israel. Both Temples were built there, and the third Temple will be situated there when the Messiah comes.
Temple
1. Usually a reference to the Holy Temple which was/will be situated in Jerusalem. 1st Temple was built in 825 BCE and was destroyed in 423 BCE. The 2nd Temple was built in 350 BCE and was destroyed in 70 CE. The 3rd Temple will be built by the Messiah. 2. A synagogue.