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What is the name of the Shabbat before Tishah b'Av?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg


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The Shabbat is called "Shabbat Chazon." The Haftorah of this Shabbat begins with the words "Chazon Yeshayahu," "the vision (prophecy) of Isaiah" concerning the destruction of the Holy Temple.

Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchiv (an eighteenth century Chassidic master) explained the deeper meaning behind this Shabbat's name: On this Shabbat every Jew is shown a "vision" of the Third Holy Temple. The purpose of this vision is to arouse within every Jew a yearning to see this G-d-built edifice, and to do as many mitzvahs as possible in order to realize this ambition. While this vision may not be sensed by the physical eyes, certainly the soul experiences this vision, which affects the person on the sub-conscious level.

In most congregations, the tune of the Haftorah is the same as the entire year. There are those who have the custom of reading the Haftorah in a sad, broken tone.

TAGS: Chazon


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(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
(Pl.: Chassidim; Adj.: Chassidic) A follower of the teachings of Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760), the founder of "Chassidut." Chassidut emphasizes serving G-d with sincerity and joy, and the importance of connecting to a Rebbe (saintly mentor).
Section from the prophetic writings that is read at the conclusion of the Torah reading on the Sabbath, Jewish holidays and fast days. The Haftorah contains a message similar to the weekly reading, or speaks of the current holiday.
1. One of the greatest prophets, lived in the 7th century BCE. 2. One of the 24 books of the Bible, containing the prophecies of Isaiah. The book is filled with prophecies concerning the Messianic redemption.
1. Usually a reference to the Holy Temple which was/will be situated in Jerusalem. 1st Temple was built in 825 BCE and was destroyed in 423 BCE. The 2nd Temple was built in 350 BCE and was destroyed in 70 CE. The 3rd Temple will be built by the Messiah. 2. A synagogue.
1. Name of Patriarch Jacob's third son. 2. A Levite -- a Jew who is a patrilineal descendant of Levi. Levites had special duties in the Holy Temple, and are still accorded special respect.
It is forbidden to erase or deface the name of G-d. It is therefore customary to insert a dash in middle of G-d's name, allowing us to erase or discard the paper it is written on if necessary.