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What was the schedule of Adam and Eve's first day of existence?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg

  

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Rosh Hashanah is a celebration of the day when Adam and Eve were created and chose to recognize the existence of their Creator.


Here's how the Talmud describes that hectic Friday's schedule1:


The day is divided into twelve hours--starting with sunrise and ending with sunset. The first five hours of the day were occupied with the formation and creation of Adam. During the sixth hour he named all the animals. During the seventh hour, Eve was created. Cain and Abel were born during the eighth hour. During the ninth hour Adam was commanded not to eat from the Tree, and during the tenth hour they all transgressed. During the eleventh hour they were judged, and during the twelfth hour -- immediately before Shabbat -- they were banished from the Garden.

Footnotes

  • 1. Sanhedrin 38b. For alternate versions of the events on that day, see VaYikrah Rabah beginning Parshah 29 (on Emor), and Avot DeRebi Natan 1:8

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COMMENTS

The Tree and Adam

Posted by: Anonymous, Brooklyn on Oct 23, 2006

Although it is stated that in the ninth hour of the first day Adam & Eve were restricted from eating from The Tree, for how long was that actual restriction in place????

Editor's Comment

It was to have lasted until the onset of Shabbat -- all of three plus hours!

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(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
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Usually referring to the Babylonian edition, it is a compilation of Rabbinic law, commentary and analysis compiled over a 600 year period (200 BCE - 427 CE). Talmudic verse serves as the bedrock of all classic and modern-day Torah-Jewish literature.
Rosh Hashanah
The Jewish New Year. An early autumn two day holiday marking the creation of Adam and Eve. On this day we hear the blasts of the ram's horn and accept G-d's sovereignty upon ourselves and the world. On Rosh Hashanah we pray that G-d should grant us all a sweet New Year.
Abel
Second son of Adam and Eve, born on the Sixth day of Creation. Murdered by his older brother Cain.
Adam
The first man, created by G-d on the sixth day of creation. He was banished from the Garden of Eden after eating from the forbidden fruit of the forbidden knowledge. Died in 2830 BCE.
Cain
Eldest son of Adam and Eve, born on the sixth day of creation. When his brother Abel's sacrificial offering was accepted in place of his own, he killed him. He was exiled for this deed.