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What is the literal meaning of Lag b'Omer?

by Rabbi Yossi Marcus

  

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Well, let’s start with the first word, lag. Every Hebrew letter has a numeric equivalent. The Hebrew letter for L (Lamed) equals 30, while the Hebrew letter for G (Gimmel) equals 3. Put L and G together and you get LaG, 33.

The 49-day period between Passover and Shavuot is called “the counting of the omer.” The omer refers to the barley offering that was offered in the Temple on the second day of Passover, the day we start counting the 49 days. (Omer literally refers to the amount of barley that was offered. An omer is the equivalent of approximately two quarts.) Hence Lag b'Omer, the 33rd day of the omer.


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Passover
A Biblically mandated early-spring festival celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt in the year 1312 BCE.
Shavuot
Early summer festival marking the day when the Jews received the Torah at Mount Sinai in the year 2448 (1312 BCE).
Temple
1. Usually a reference to the Holy Temple which was/will be situated in Jerusalem. 1st Temple was built in 825 BCE and was destroyed in 423 BCE. The 2nd Temple was built in 350 BCE and was destroyed in 70 CE. The 3rd Temple will be built by the Messiah. 2. A synagogue.