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What prayer is recited when seeing a monarch?

by Rabbi Yosef Resnick

  

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Indeed, there is a special blessing one makes upon seeing a gentile king.The Shulchan Aruch  states that upon seeing a gentile King, one must recite:

Baruch Atah Ad-noi, Elo-heinu melech ha'olam, shenatan m'kvodo l'vasar v'dam. [Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, who has given from His glory to (humans of) flesh and blood.]

The Code of Jewish Law also notes that it is actually a mitzvah to run to see a gentile king, in order to recite this blessing!
The Code of Jewish Law1 also notes that it is actually a Mitzvah to run to see a gentile king, in order to recite this blessing! Soon with the arrival of the Moshiach we will merit to see a Jewish monarch. At that occasion we will recite the blessing with a slight variation:

Baruch Atah Ad-noi, Elo-heinu melech ha'olam, shenatan m'kvodo lee’ray’av. [Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, who has given from His glory to those who fear Him.]

Footnotes

  • 1. Orach Chaim 224:8.

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Mitzvah
(pl. Mitzvot). A commandment from G-d. Mitzvah also means a connection, for a Jew connects with G–d through fulfilling His commandments.
Moshiach
The Messiah. Moshiach is the person who will usher in an era of peace and tranquility for all of humanity when there will be no jealousy or hate, wars or famine. This is a fundamental Jewish belief.
G-d
It is forbidden to erase or deface the name of G-d. It is therefore customary to insert a dash in middle of G-d's name, allowing us to erase or discard the paper it is written on if necessary.