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Who are the "Ten Martyrs"?

by Rabbi Simcha Bart


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These are the Ten Martyrs as enumerated in a very moving epic during the Mussaf repetition of Yom Kippur.

Rabban Shimon Ben Gamliel (was beheaded).

Rabi Yishmael the High Priest (was flayed alive).

Rabbi Akiva (was killed by tearing his flesh with iron combs).

Rabbi Chanayah ben Tradyon (was burned alive).

Rabbi Chutzpit the Interpreter.

Rabbi Elazr Ben Shamua.

Rabbi Chaninah Ben Chachina'i.

Rabbi Yeshevav the Scribe.

Rabbi Yehudah ben Dama.

Rabbi Yehudah ben Bava.

[Ed note: the Yom Kippur Service only mentions the type of death issued to the first four].


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The additional prayer service added (after the morning prayers) on Sabbath, Biblically mandated holidays and the first day of the Jewish month.
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement. This late-autumn high-holiday is the holiest day of the year. We devote this day to repentance and all healthy adults are required to fast.