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Why don't we mention Rosh Chodesh in the Rosh Hashanah prayers?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg


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a. The verse says (Psalms 81:4), "Blow the Shofar at the moon's renewal, at the time appointed ("bakeseh") for our festive day." The word "bakeseh" also means to be hidden. From this our sages infer that the time of the holiday of Rosh Hashanah is meant to be shrouded in secrecy. This is also (one of) the reason(s) why we do not bless the month of Tishrei on the Shabbat beforehand, and why Rosh Chodesh is barely alluded to in the entire Rosh Hashanah services.

One of the explanations for not mentioning rosh chodesh on Rosh Hashanah is to confuse and confound the Satan by not revealing the identity of the date of Rosh Hashanah
One of the explanations for this is that we are trying to confuse and confound the Satan by not revealing the identity of the date of Rosh Hashanah.

b. Rosh Hashanah is the 1st and 2nd day of Tishrei. Therefore, only the first day of Rosh Hashanah is Rosh Chodesh. The rabbis were, therefore, concerned that if Rosh Chodesh prayers and practices were followed on the 1st day of Rosh Hashanah, people would erroneously assume that these customs and prayers are to be continued on the 2nd day, too.


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Holidays » Rosh Hashanah » The Prayers

(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
Rosh Hashanah
The Jewish New Year. An early autumn two day holiday marking the creation of Adam and Eve. On this day we hear the blasts of the ram's horn and accept G-d's sovereignty upon ourselves and the world. On Rosh Hashanah we pray that G-d should grant us all a sweet New Year.
The seventh month of the Jewish calendar. This month, which arrives in early autumn, has more holidays than any other month: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot and Simchat Torah.
The horn of a Kosher animal. The Shofar is sounded on the holiday of Rosh Hashanah, and is intended to awaken us to repentance. Also blown to signify the conclusion of the Yom Kippur holiday.
Rosh Chodesh
The "Head of the Month," Rosh Chodesh is observed the first day of every Jewish month. If the previous month had 30 days, then the last day of the previous month is also observed; hence a two-day Rosh Chodesh. Rosh Chodesh is a semi-holiday, marked by Torah-reading and special prayers.
The Book of Psalms. One of the 24 books of the Bible. Compiled by King David; mostly comprised of poetic praise for G-d. A large part of our prayers are culled from this book.