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Is it called "Amidah," or "Shmoneh Esrei"?


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Rabbi Gurkow: Welcome to the Rabbi's one on one chat room, how can I help you today?

reckless: Is the major prayer during Shabbat services called the Amidah or I_ve heard it called shemoneh esreh

Rabbi Gurkow: both names are correct

Rabbi Gurkow: it is called the amidah because it is madatory to stand during that time, and amidah means to stand

Rabbi Gurkow: and it is also caled shemone esrei, Hebrew for eighteen,  because the amidah recited during the week is comprised of eighteen blessings [Actually, it contains nineteen blessings, but in its original form it had eighteen blessings, and one blessing was added later on.]

reckless: and that is the only prayer considered major?

reckless: during the service that is

Rabbi Gurkow: no,

Rabbi Gurkow: firstly, on Shabbat and holidays there are two amidahs in the morning prayer service [Ed. note: See What is Musaf?]

Rabbi Gurkow: secondly, the Shema is also considered major

reckless: ok

Rabbi Gurkow: note that on Shabbat the amidah is made up of only seven blessings

Rabbi Gurkow: but because it is eighteen blessings all weel we still use the name shemone esrei for Shabbat

reckless: oh ok

reckless: i understand now

reckless: thanks!

Rabbi Gurkow: welcome

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Mitzvot » Prayer » About

(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
Highlight of every prayer, recited silently while standing. Weekday Amidah consists of nineteen blessings, Sabbath and holiday Amidah contains seven blessings.
The most fundamental Jewish prayer, recited twice daily. This prayer, of Biblical origin, professes the belief in G-d's absolute unity.