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What are the seven rabbinic mitzvahs?

by Rabbi Yossi Marcus

  

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1. Washing the hands for bread.

2. Laws of Eruv.1

3. Reciting a blesing before partaking of food or any other pleasure.

4. Lighting Shabbat Candles.

5. Celebration of Purim.

6. Celebration of Chanukah.

7. Recitation of the prayer of praise called Hallel on certain occasions.

All the commandments of the Torah are alluded to in the Ten Commandments. Thus the Ten Commandments contain 620 letters, alluding to the 613 commandments of the Torah and the seven Rabbinic commandments.2

The seven Rabbinic commandments “belong to” and are authored by G-d, but they are revealed and expressed through Man
The seven Rabbinic commandments are alluded to in the final seven letters, which form the words asher lirei’echa (“that belong to your fellow”), since the seven Rabbinic commandments were revealed by Man, G-d’s “fellow” or “friend”.3 On the other hand, G-d is also called “a friend”4—meaning that the seven Rabbinic commandments “belong to” and are authored by G-d, but they are revealed and expressed through Man.

Footnotes

  • 1. See "What is an Eruv?" . (http://www.askmoses.com/en/article/411,429/What-are-the-seven-rabbinic-mitzvahs.html)
  • 2. See appendix to Torah Shleimah vol. 16.
  • 3. cf. Zohar 2:55b.
  • 4. Rashi Proverbs 27:10
TAGS: rabbinic

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Shabbat
(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
Torah
Torah is G–d’s teaching to man. In general terms, we refer to the Five Books of Moses as “The Torah.” But in truth, all Jewish beliefs and laws are part of the Torah.
Purim
A one-day holiday celebrated in late winter commemorating the miraculous deliverance of the Jewish people from a decree of annihilation issued by Persian King Ahasuerus in the year 356 BCE.
Chanukah
An eight day mid-winter holiday marking: 1) The miraculous defeat of the mighty Syrian-Greek armies by the undermanned Maccabis in the year 140 BCE. 2) Upon their victory, the oil in the Menorah, sufficient fuel for one night only, burned for eight days and nights.
Hallel
Hebrew word meaning "praise." Normally is a reference to Psalms 113-118-- Psalms of jubilation which are recited during the morning prayers of all joyous holidays.
G-d
It is forbidden to erase or deface the name of G-d. It is therefore customary to insert a dash in middle of G-d's name, allowing us to erase or discard the paper it is written on if necessary.
Eruv
Eruv has multiple meanings. Most commonly the word is a reference to an enclosure which allows carrying on Shabbat in an area which would otherwise be considered a public domain.