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What happens when a fast day falls out on Shabbat?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg

  

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In the Jewish calendar there are six fasts. If any one of them (aside for Yom Kippur) falls out on Shabbat, Shabbat takes precedence and we do not fast on that day. The fast is usually pushed off until Sunday (or in one instance -- the Fast of Esther -- it is observed on the Thursday beforehand, because the day after Shabbat, Sunday, will be Purim).

The one exception to this rule is Yom Kippur, when we fast even if it is Shabbat, as it is a biblical fast, and the Torah calls it "Shabbat Shabbaton" - the Shabbat of Shabbats, implying that it takes precedence over Shabbat.

TAGS: fasts, fast, fast days

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Holidays » Fast Days
Holidays » Yom Kippur » About

Shabbat
(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
Torah
Torah is G–d’s teaching to man. In general terms, we refer to the Five Books of Moses as “The Torah.” But in truth, all Jewish beliefs and laws are part of the Torah.
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement. This late-autumn high-holiday is the holiest day of the year. We devote this day to repentance and all healthy adults are required to fast.
Purim
A one-day holiday celebrated in late winter commemorating the miraculous deliverance of the Jewish people from a decree of annihilation issued by Persian King Ahasuerus in the year 356 BCE.
Esther
1. Jewish wife of Persian King Ahasuerus in the 4th century BCE. Foiled the plot of Haman, the prime minister, to exterminate all the Jews. The holiday of Purim commemorates this miraculous salvation. 2. One of the 24 Books of the Bible, which chronicles the abovementioned story.