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What are the rules regarding foods cooked or baked by a non-Jew?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg


Library » Mitzvot » Kosher » Miscellaneous | Subscribe | What is RSS?


The following applies only if the product and all its ingredients are 100% Kosher, and the utensil in which it was cooked/baked was kosher.

Ideally Kosher products should be baked by Jews. However, commercially baked products that were baked by non-Jews may be eaten if it is difficult to find the same quality product baked by a Jew. Pious Jews, however, will refrain from eating products that were baked by a non-Jew even under such circumstances.

It is always forbidden to eat a product that was baked by a non-Jew in his/her private kitchen.

It is forbidden to eat an item that was cooked by a non-Jew (privately or commercially) unless it is a food which:

a. Is edible while raw (for example: applesauce).

b. Is not fit to be served at a royal meal [state meal] to eat together with bread (for example: candies).

If a Jew assisted in any part of the baking or cooking, there is no problem. Even if the Jew merely turned on the pilot-fire, or threw a match into the fire, everything is fine.


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Literally means "fit." Commonly used to describe foods which are permitted by Jewish dietary laws, but is also used to describe religious articles (such as a Torah scroll or Sukkah) which meet the requirements of Jewish law.