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Can you guide me through the Eruv Tavshilin procedure?

by Rabbi Yosef Resnick


Library » Holidays » General Information » Holiday Information | Subscribe | What is RSS?


It takes just a minute or two, and it’s as easy as 1-2-3-4-5.

[Ed. note: you may want to first read "What is an Eruv Tavshilin?".] 

Here is the process:

1) On the afternoon before the holiday commences, take some bread prepared for Shabbat (traditionally a Challah loaf is used), plus a cooked food that is considered an “important” food, such as fish, meat or a hard boiled egg.

2) Hand the bread and cooked food to another person. Preferably, this second person should not be one’s wife.

Take some bread prepared for Shabbat (traditionally a challah loaf us used), plus a cooked food that is considered an "important" food
3) The one making the eruv (the one who handed the food over) says the following:

I hereby grant a share in this eruv to anyone who wishes to participate in it and depend on it.”

4) The one holding the bread and food raises them at least a handbreadth and then hands them back to the one making the eruv.

5) The one making the eruv recites the following blessing (in Hebrew if possible):

“Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us regarding the Mitzvah of Eruv.”

He then recites the following declaration:

“Through this it shall be permissible for us to bake, to cook, to put away [a dish to preserve in heat], to kindle a light, and to prepare and do so on the Festival all that is necessary for Shabbat; for us and for all Israelites who dwell in the city.”

If you would like to recite this blessing in Hebrew, it is printed in the Siddur. The original language of the second paragraph is actually not Hebrew, but Aramaic.


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(pl. Mitzvot). A commandment from G-d. Mitzvah also means a connection, for a Jew connects with G–d through fulfilling His commandments.
(pl: Shabbatot). Hebrew word meaning "rest." It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify and rest on Saturday, the seventh day of the week. This commemorates the fact that after creating the world in six days, G-d rested on the seventh.
A loaf of bread. Usually refers to: 1) The section of dough separated and given to the priest (today that section is burnt). 2) The sweetened, soft bread customarily consumed at the Sabbath meals.
Prayer book.
It is forbidden to erase or deface the name of G-d. It is therefore customary to insert a dash in middle of G-d's name, allowing us to erase or discard the paper it is written on if necessary.