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When were the first and second temples built?

by Rabbi Simcha Bart

  

Library » History » The Holy Temples » About | Subscribe | What is RSS?


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King Solomon began construction of the first Holy Temple in Iyar of the year 2928 from Creation (833 BCE). On the 8th of Tishrei 2935 (827 BCE), the Ark of the Covenant was brought into the Temple amidst great inaugural celebrations which lasted for seven days. The final touches were completed next month.

The Temple was destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar on the 9th of Av 3338 (423 BCE).

On the 7th of Tishrei 2935 (827 BCE), the Ark of the Covenant was brought into the Temple amidst great inaugural celebrations which lasted for seven days
Construction of the second Holy Temple began in Iyar 3391 (370 BCE), only to be halted because of malicious trumped up charges lodged by the Samaritans.

The construction resumed in 3408 (353 BCE) by Jewish returnees from Babylon, led by Ezra and Nehemiah, and was completed on the 3rd of Adar 3412 (349 BCE).

In the year 3742 (19 BCE), King Herod launched dramatic renovations to the then dilapidated Temple. The renovation of the now stunningly beautiful Temple was completed in 3750 (11 BCE).

The Roman Empire destroyed it, again on the 9th of Av, 3829 (69 CE).

We now eagerly await the construction of the third Holy Temple by Moshiach. Stay tuned for the imminently expected announcement!


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Moshiach
The Messiah. Moshiach is the person who will usher in an era of peace and tranquility for all of humanity when there will be no jealousy or hate, wars or famine. This is a fundamental Jewish belief.
Tishrei
The seventh month of the Jewish calendar. This month, which arrives in early autumn, has more holidays than any other month: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot and Simchat Torah.
Adar
The twelfth month on the Jewish calendar. This month (which falls out approx. February-March), is the most joyous month on the calendar due to the holiday of Purim which is on the 14th and 15th of this month.
Iyar
The second month on the Jewish calendar, normally corresponding to April-May. The 18th of this month is the holiday of Lag b'Omer.
Av
The fifth month of the Jewish calendar, normally corresponding to July-August. The saddest month of the year due to the destruction of the Temples, and the many other tragedies which befell the Jews in this month.
Solomon
Son of King David, and succeeded him on the throne of Israel in the year 836 BCE. he was the wisest man to ever live. He built the first Holy Temple and authored several books of the Bible.
Ezra
1. A Hebrew priest and scribe, who, together with Nehemiah, revived Judaism in the 4th century BCE. He was instrumental in the building of the 2nd Temple. 2. One of the 24 books of the Bible, which describes the events of Ezra's lifetime.
Nehemiah
1. A Jewish leader who lived in the 4th century BCE. He, together with Ezra, supervised the rebuilding of the Jerusalem city walls and the 2nd Temple, and instituted religious reforms in the city. 2. Commonly accepted to be one of the books of the Bible. In Jewish tradition, however, the "Book of Nehemiah" is actually considered part of the Book of Ezra.
Temple
1. Usually a reference to the Holy Temple which was/will be situated in Jerusalem. 1st Temple was built in 825 BCE and was destroyed in 423 BCE. The 2nd Temple was built in 350 BCE and was destroyed in 70 CE. The 3rd Temple will be built by the Messiah. 2. A synagogue.