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Who were the people who instigated the “Second Passover”?

by Rabbi Naftali Silberberg


Library » Holidays » Passover » Pesach Sheni | Subscribe | What is RSS?


The Mitzvah of Pesach Sheni was instigated by a group of impure Jews. Who were these individuals?

The Midrash gives several answers:

1) Joseph’s pallbearers.

2) Mishael and Eltzafan, Moses’ nephews who removed the bodies of Nadab and Abihu from the Tabernacle a few days earlier.

3) For those who prefer a less exotic explanation: The group was comprised of ordinary people who were impure because they participated in the funerals of loved ones within the past week.


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History » Desert Sojourn

(pl. Mitzvot). A commandment from G-d. Mitzvah also means a connection, for a Jew connects with G–d through fulfilling His commandments.
[Hebrew pronunciation: Moshe] Greatest prophet to ever live. Led the Jews out of Egyptian bondage amidst awesome miracles; brought down the Tablets from Mount Sinai; and transmitted to us word-for-word the Torah he heard from G-d's mouth. Died in the year 1272 BCE.
(Pl. Midrashim). Non-legal material of anecdotal or allegorical nature, designed either to clarify historical material, or to teach a moral point. The Midrashim were compiled by the sages who authored the Mishna and Talmud (200 BCE-500 CE).
Firstborn son of Rachel and Jacob. Because he was Jacob's favorite son, his brothers conspired against him and sold him into slavery He ended up in Egypt where he became viceroy of the land, and eventually brought his entire family to Egypt. Died in 1451 BCE.
Mobile sanctuary which traveled with the Jews in the desert, containing the Ark with the Tablets, and the sacrificial altars. When the Jews entered Israel, it was erected in the city of Shiloh where it remained for more than 300 years. It was buried when the permanent Holy Temple was erected in Jerusalem.
Passover. A Biblically mandated early-spring festival celebrating the Jewish exodus from Egypt in the year 1312 BCE.